California Oil Refinery History

Note: Refineries highlighted in yellow are currently operational and labeled (Operational).
Refineries highlighted in light blue are currently idle and labeled (Idle).
Non highlighted refineries are no longer in operation and labeled (Closed).
Information current as of July 13, 2016.

California Refinery Facilities Began Operations Ownership Information Current Crude Capacity
(Barrels/Day)1
1 Alon USA Energy, Inc., Bakersfield Refinery (Idle) 1932 Mohawk Petroleum Corp: 1932-1975
Reserve Oil & Gas Co: 1975-1980
Getty Oil Co: 1980-1984
Texaco, Inc: 1984-2000
Equilon: 2000-2001
Shell Oil Co: 2001-2005
Big West of Calif. (Flying J): 2005-June 2010
Alon USA Energy Inc: June 2010-Present
66,000
2 Alon USA Energy, Inc., Long Beach Refinery (Idle) 1932 Apex Oil Co: 1932-1941
Edgington Oil Co: 1941-2006
Alon USA Energy Inc: 2006-Present
31,500
3 Alon USA Energy, Inc., Paramount Refinery (Idle) 1930s Ajax Oil Company: 1930s-1937
Kreiger Oil Co: 1937-1940s
Douglas Oil Co: 1940s-1961
Continental Oil Company (Conoco): 1961-September 1981
EI du Pont de Nemours & Co: September 1981-January 1983
Pacific Oasis, Inc: January 1983-April 1984
Paramount Petroleum Corp: April 1984-2006
Alon USA Energy Inc: 2006-Present
50,000
4 Anchor Refining, McKittrick Refinery (Closed) 1979 Anchor Refining: 1979-February 1984 9,000
5 Chemoil Refining Corporation, Signal Hill Refinery (Closed) 1923 MacMillan Ring-Free Oil Co: 1923-1988
Chemoil Refining Co: 1988-April 1994
18,000
6 Chevron, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed) 1913 Standard Oil Co: February 22, 1913-1926
Standard Oil Company of California (Socal): 1926-1977
Chevron USA Inc: 1977-July 1986
26,000
7 Chevron, El Segundo Refinery (Operational) 1912 Standard Oil Co: 1912-1926
Standard Oil Company of California (Socal): 1926-1977
Chevron USA Inc: 1977-2001
ChevronTexaco Corp: 2001-2005
Chevron Corp: 2005-Present
269,000
8 Chevron, Richmond Refinery (Operational) 1902 Pacific Coast Oil: July 7, 1902-1906
Standard Oil Co: 1906-1926
Standard Oil Company of California (Socal): 1926-1977
Chevron USA Inc: 1977-2001
ChevronTexaco Corp: 2001-2005
Chevron Corp: 2005-Present
245,271
9 Coastal Petroleum Refiners, Inc., Bakersfield Refinery (Closed) 1980 Coastal Petroleum Refiners: 1980-December 1985 10,000
10 DeMenno/Kerdoon, Compton Refinery
(Reprocesses Waste Oil as Oil Re-Refiner)(Idle)
1977 DeMenno/Kerdoon: 1977-August 1983 15,000
11 Eco Petroleum, Signal Hill Refinery (Closed) 1977 ECO Petroleum: 1977-1984 10,550
12 Gibson Oil & Refining, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed) 1978 Gibson Oil & Refining: 1978-July 1987 9,600
13 Golden Eagle Refining, Carson Refinery (Closed) 1948 Sunset Oil: 1948-1958
Golden Eagle Refining: 1958-February 1985
16,170
14 Golden West Refining Company, Santa Fe Springs Refinery (Refinery Closed in March of 1992, Continued Operating as a Terminal Until 1997) 1936 Wilshire Oil Co: 1936-1960
Gulf Oil Corp USA: 1960-August 1983
Golden West Refining Co. (sub. of Thrifty Oil Co.): August 1983-March 1992
47,000
15 Greka Energy, Santa Maria Asphalt Refinery (Operational) 1932-33 Five C Refining Co: 1932/33-1951
Douglas Oil Co: 1951-1960
Conoco: 1960-September 1981
EI du Pont de Nemours & Co (DuPont): September 1981-1994
Saba Petroleum Co: 1994-1999
Greka Energy: 1999-Present
9,500
16 Independent Valley Energy Company (IVEC), Bakersfield Refinery (Integrated as part of Alon USA Bakersfield Refinery) 1978 Independent Valley Energy Co: Late 1978-April 1984
Paramount Petroleum Corp.: April 1984-August 1987
Texaco: August 1987-1988
Texaco Inc: 1988 - integrated with Alon USA Bakersfield refinery
27,000
17 Kern Oil & Refining Company, Bakersfield Refinery (Operational) 1934 El Tejon Oil & Refining Co: 1934-1943
Kreiger Oil Co: 1943-1945
Douglas Oil Co: 1945-1962
Continental Oil: 1962-1966
Edgington Oil/Signal Oil & Gas: 1966-1971
Kern County Refinery Inc. (Charter Oil Co.): 1971-1976
Kern County Refinery Inc. (Privately Held): 1976-1982
Kern Oil & Refining Co: 1982-Present
26,000
18 Lunday Thagard Oil Company (subsidiary of World Oil Company), South Gate Refinery (Operational) 1937 Lunday Thagard Oil Co: 1937-Present 8,500
19 Pacific Refining, Hercules Refinery (Closed)
Ceased refinery operations July of 1995.
Continued limited storage and terminal operations until September of 1997.
1967 Sequoia Refining Corp: 1967-1968
Gulf Oil Corp USA: 1968-1976
Pacific Refining: 1976-July 1995
50,000
20 Pauley Petroleum Co., Newhall Refinery (Closed) 1930 San Fernando Refining Co: 1930-1942
Newhall Refining Co: 1942-February 1959
Pauley Petroleum Co: February 1959-December 1989
22,500
21 Pauley Petroleum Co., Wilmington Refinery (Closed) Prior to 1951 Fletcher Oil & Refining: Prior to 1951-March 1988
Pauley Petroleum: March 1988-October 1992
29,675
22 PBF Energy, Torrance Refinery (Operational) 1907 Vacuum Oil Co: 1907-1929
General Petroleum Corporation of Calif: 1929-1931
Socony-Vacuum Corp: 1931-1934
Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, Inc: 1934-1955
Socony Mobil Oil Co: 1955-1966
Mobil Oil Corp: 1966-2000
ExxonMobil: 2000-July 2016
PBF Energy: July 2016-Present
151,300
23 Phillips 66, Rodeo Refinery (Operational) 1896 Union Oil Co of Calif: 1896-1983
Unocal: 1983-1997
Tosco Corp: 1997-2001
Phillips: 2001-2002
ConocoPhillips: 2002-May 2012
Phillips 66: May 2012-Present
78,400
24 Phillips 66, Santa Maria Refinery (Operational) 1955 Union Oil Co of Calif: 1955-1983
Unocal: 1983-1997
Tosco Corp: 1997-2001
Phillips: 2001-2002
ConocoPhillips: 2002-May 2012
Phillips 66: May 2012-Present
41,800
25 Phillips 66, Wilmington Refinery (Operational) 1917 Union Oil Co of Calif: 1917-1983
Unocal: 1983-1997
Tosco Corp: 1997-2001
Phillips: 2001-2002
ConocoPhillips: 2002-May 2012
Phillips 66: May 2012-Present
139,000
26 Powerine Oil Company, Santa Fe Springs Refinery (Closed)
Ceased refinery operations June of 1995.
CENCO was offering the refinery equipment for sale, as of April 2007.
1934 Rothschild Oil Co/Powerine Oil Co: 1934-1984
Closed - bankruptcy: 1984-1986
Powerine Oil Co: 1986-1993
Castle Energy Corp: 1993-1995
Kenyen Resources: 1995-1996
Energy Merchant Corp: 1996-1998
Creative Energy Company (CENCO): 1998-Present
46,500
27 Quad Refining Company, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed) 1979 Quad Refining Co: 1979-October 1981 7,000
28 Road Oil Sales, Inc., Bakersfield Refinery (Closed) 1973 Road Oil Sales, Inc: 1973-December 1981 6,000
29 Sabre Refining, Inc., Bakersfield Refinery (Closed) 1972 Sabre Refining Co: 1972-September 1987 10,000
30 San Joaquin Refining Company, Bakersfield Refinery (Operational) 1969 San Joaquin Refining Co: 1969-Present 15,000
31 Shell Oil Products US, Carson Refinery (Closed) 1923 Shell Company of Calif: 1923-1939
Shell Oil Company, Inc: 1939-1949
Shell Oil Co: 1949-1992
Converted to distribution terminal: 1992-Present
120,000
32 Shell Oil Products US, Martinez Refinery (Operational) 1915 Shell Company of Calif: 1915-1939
Shell Oil Company, Inc: 1939-1949
Shell Oil Co: 1949-1998
Equilon Enterprises (joint venture of Shell Oil Co. & Texaco Inc.): 1998-2002
Shell Oil Co: 2002-Present
156,400
33 Sunland Refining Corporation, Bakersfield Refinery (Closed - Ceased Operations March 1995) Prior to 1929 Sunland Refining Corp: Prior to 1929-December 1995 12,000
34 Tenby Incorporated (aka Oxnard Oil & Refining), Oxnard Refinery (Closed) Prior to 1951 Tenby Inc: Prior to 1951-December 2011 2,800
35 Tesoro Refining & Marketing, Carson Refinery (Operational) 1938 Richfield Oil Corp: 1938-1966
Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO): 1966-2000
BP West Coast Products: 2000-June 2013
Tesoro Refining & Marketing: June 2013-Present
256,830
36 Tesoro Refining & Marketing Co., Golden Eagle Refinery, Martinez/Avon (Operational) 1913 Associated Oil Co: 1913-1937
Tidewater Associated Oil Co: 1937-1966
Phillips Petroleum: 1966-1976
Tosco Corp: 1976-2000
Ultramar Diamond Shamrock: 2000-2002
Valero Refining Co: 2002
Tesoro Refining: 2002-Present
166,000
37 Tesoro Refining & Marketing Co., Wilmington Refinery (Operational) 1923 California Petroleum Corp: 1923-1928
Texas Company: 1928-1959
Texaco, Inc: 1959-1998
Equilon Enterprises (joint venture of Shell Oil Co. & Texaco Inc.): 1998-2002
Shell Oil Co: 2002-2007
Tesoro Corp: 2007-Present
98,340
38 Tosco, Bakersfield Refinery (Integrated as part of Alon USA Bakersfield Refinery) 1941 U.S. Government: 1941-1946 (Area 2)
Idle 1946-1950
Norwalk Co: 1950-1950s
Bankline: 1950s-1959
Signal Oil and Gas Co:1959-1970
Tosco Corp:1970-1983
Idle 1983-1986
Texaco Inc: 1986 - integrated with Alon USA Bakersfield refinery
38,800
39 Tricor Refining LLC, Oildale Refinery (Closed) 1938 Witco Chemical Corp: 1938-1997
Golden Bear: 1997-June 2001
Tricor Refining LLC: June 2001-January 2002
12,500
40 Ultramar Oil, Hanford Refinery (Closed) 1931 HH Bell Refinery Co. 1931-1932
Caminol Oil Co: 1932-1967
Beacon Oil Co: 1967-1982
Ultramar Oil Co: 1982-December 1987
17,300
41 USA Petrochem Corporation, Ventura Refinery (Closed) 1977 USA Petrochem Corp: 1977-December 1984 24,000
42 Valero, Benicia Asphalt Refinery (Part of Valero Benicia Refinery) (Operational) 1982 Huntway Refining: 1982-2001
Valero Refining Co: 2001-Present
13,000
43 Valero, Benicia Refinery (Operational) 1968 Exxon Co USA: 1968-2000
Valero Refining Co: 2000-Present
145,000
44 Valero, Wilmington Asphalt Refinery (Operational) 1980 Huntway Refining: 1980-2001
Valero Refining Co: 2001-Present
6,300
45 Valero, Wilmington Refinery (Operational) 1969 Champlin Petroleum Co: 1969-1987
Union Pacific Resources Co: 1987-1988
Ultramar Refining: 1988-1997
Ultramar Diamond Shamrock: 1997-2002
Valero Refining Co: 2002-Present
85,000
46 West Coast Oil Company, Oildale Refinery (Closed) 1948 West Coast Oil Co: 1948-October 1988 5,000
47 Western Oil & Refining, Long Beach Refinery (Closed) 1977 Marlex Oil & Refining: 1977-August 1985
Western Oil & Refining: August 1985-December 1987
19,200

Source: Compiled by California Energy Commission, Energy Assessments Division, Transportation Fuels Data Unit

Notes: 1 Atmospheric crude oil distillation processing capacity as measured in barrels per calendar day - source: Energy Information Agency - Refinery Capacity Reports